Guide to Target Rounds
There are two basic types of rounds imperial and metric. Imperial rounds are also known as GNAS, whilst metric rounds are also known as FITA/World Archery rounds.
All rounds use four main face sizes, they have a diameter of 122cm, 80cm, 60cm and 40cm. The 122cm face fills a boss, one 80cm face fits on a boss, two 60cm faces fit on a boss, finally four 40cm faces can be fitted on a boss.
The types of rounds are split into Archery GB and World Archery Rounds
Archery GB Rounds (Imperial): These traditional British rounds tend to use 5 Zone scoring and are governed by the Archery GB Rules of Shooting. Most people find these more relaxed and are often the first tournaments that archers enter. These rounds fall into ‘families’, which are a group of different rounds that take place on the same field, at the same time, and have the same number of arrows, however with different distances. This means that you can choose the round that best suits your ability, age and gender.
World Archery Rounds (Metric): These are rounds shot using the World Archery Rules of Shooting, and use 10 Zone scoring. These rounds are shot all over the world and some are used at the Olympics and World Championships.
Indoor Tournaments: All scoring indoors is 10-zone scoring, although Xs are not used. At these events, everyone shoots the same distance; 30 metres, 25 metres or 18 metres.
Levels of Competition
Each tournament has a level or standard attached to it.
- World Record Status (WRS): This is the highest level of competition and is the most strictly controlled. The only Rounds that can achieve WRS are World Archery Rounds. Shooting in these tournaments gives you the opportunity to claim World, European and National Records as well as World Archery Performance Awards. These tournaments will have at least one National Judge present and will be controlled using traffic lights, whistles and occasionally count down clocks to let you know when to shoot.
- UK Record Status (RS): The rounds shot can be either Archery GB or World Archery. At these events you have the opportunity to shoot National Records and some of these tournaments also have Rose Award status. These tournaments will have at least one Regional Judge present.
- Non-Record Status (NRS): These are the most relaxed type of tournaments and are the first place many archers start to compete. Archery GB o or World Archery rounds can be shot. Some rules such as dress regulations are not used at Non-record Status events. These tournaments will have a Judge in charge of them (although there is no minimum level of Judge required), or will be run by an experienced archer.
Imperial Outdoor Rounds
All imperial outdoor rounds are measured in yards, and use a 122cm diagram face (they fill an entire boss) at all distances. The following table lists all the recognised imperial outdoor rounds. It shows the number of dozen at each distance.
How to read this table; Each title is the name of the round and the total amount of arrows shot. The 1st amount is the distance the 1st round is to be shot at, 100y, 80y, 60y etc. After that, the next amount shown is how many dozen is to be shot at that distance, 6 dozen, 4 dozen, etc. The next 2 parts is to represent Gents and Ladies.
Metric Outdoor Rounds
All metric outdoor rounds are measured in metres and use 122cm and 80cm faces. The following table lists all the recognised metric outdoor rounds. It shows the number of dozen at each distance and face size. The Gents and Ladies columns shows the age at which the round is usually shot.
How to read this table; Each title is the name of the round and the total amount of arrows shot. The 1st amount is the distance the 1st round is to be shot at, 90m, 70m, 60m etc. After that, the next amount shown is how many dozen is to be shot at that distance, 6 dozen, 4 dozen, etc. The next 2 parts is to represent Gents and Ladies.
Again there are metric and imperial rounds when shooting indoors but there are far fewer rounds when compared to outdoors. The following table lists all the recognised indoor rounds. It shows the number of dozen at each distance and face size. There are a variety of different faces but the most common are the 60cm and 40cm faces.
How to read this table; The first part is the Round, and how many dozen arows are shot at the given distance. Next is the distance and the size of face that you wil be shooting at. The last part is additional rules assigned to each round.
Shooting a Round
For all rounds, imperial or metric, you shoot the longest distance first and then moved down the distances finishing with the shortest distance. You generally get six arrows of sighter's at the first distance shot, you do not get more sighter's when you change distances. This means it is important to have sight marks for all the distances contained in a round you intend to shoot.
Junior and beginners are not expected to shoot distances they are not capable of. Generally archers should be capable of scoring 200 on a 122cm face with 3 dozen arrows before moving up to the next distance.
It should be noted that juniors are not expected to shoot long distances even if they are shooting well at shorter distances. The table below lists the maximum distances each gender/age group is expected to shoot. The reason for the maximum distances is that it avoids juniors drawing a higher poundage than they are physically capable of holding without damaging their body's development.